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Teaching and learning

Pedagogical framework

Explicit teaching model strategy

  • We are learning to (WALT)
  • What I’m looking for (WILF)
  • This is because (TIB)

At Boronia Heights State School be believe that explicit teaching guides students through the learning process.

We give clear statements about the purpose and the rationale for learning as well as clear expectations about what students need to know and do.

WALT, WILF and TIB is a tool we use in our classrooms to encourage students to be more actively involved in their learning.

It is used to explicitly highlight to the students what they are being asked to do.

  • WALT the learning intention. what we hope they will learn.
  • WILF the success criteria. in order to help them to make better decisions about how to tackle the set task and the reason for the learning.
  • TIB The reason or purpose to motivate the student.


Research shows that students are more motivated if they understand the learning intention of the task.

The main benefit for students is that by focusing on the learning intention, they begin to fully understand what they are learning rather than doing.

We hope our students will go home describing school activities as "We were learning to” rather than "We did”.


By explicitly stating what we are looking for, we hope students will be clear about how their work will be judged and what the teacher wants to see in the finished task.


Students need to know why they are learning something so that they can see how their work fits into the ‘Bigger Picture’.

How WALT and WILF can be used in a lesson or unit.

During the orientation of your lessons or units explicitly identify WALT, WILF and TIB with your students.

During the synthesising part of your lessons or units provide opportunities for students to reflect upon and evaluate their own learning in relation to WALT and WILF.